In a recent 50-minute episode, CBC Radio's Out in the Open highlighted Haley House, a unique halfway house in Peterborough, Ontario, that serves the needs of aging parolees. The home is run by Peterborough Reintegration Services and is funded mainly by Correctional Service Canada.
"[Haley House] is basically one of only two that I'm aware of [across Canada] that caters to this inmate population. And, to me, it represents the future of corrections," said Ivan Zinger, Canada's Correctional Investigator.
To listen to the full episode and to read the accompanying CBC News article, please click here.
Nowhere to Live: Housing Vulnerability of Criminal Defendants with Dementia
The Dementia Justice Society of Canada is conducting a one-year research project that focuses on the housing vulnerability of criminal defendants with dementia. Specifically, it examines the existing legal and policy framework in British Columbia that can make it difficult for this population to maintain or secure appropriate living arrangements following a criminal charge. The project is funded by The Law Foundation of B.C.'s Legal Research Fund.
The Elder Law Review is seeking submissions for its upcoming Special Issue on “Relational Autonomy, Vulnerability Theory, Older Adults and the Law: Making it Real.” The anticipated publication date is mid-2019.
The Call for Submissions is available here. Submissions are due March 1, 2019.
About the Elder Law Review
The Elder Law Review is an independent refereed e-journal produced by Elder Law at Western Sydney University. It is the only Australian journal concerned with Elder Law. The Review publishes articles about legal issues relating to seniors in all areas of law, including wills, powers of attorney, substitute decision-making, guardianship, discrimination, accommodation, contracts, financial management, retirement income, taxation and property.
The Review is multi-disciplinary, bringing together professionals working, researching and writing in the aged care area. It is designed to be of interest to academics, practitioners and those involved in the provision of aged care.
As the Dementia Justice Society of Canada approaches its second anniversary, we are developing a new two-year strategic plan. Scheduled to launch next year, it will guide our public advocacy initiatives and project priorities, among other things, for 2019-2021.
To help develop a strong and comprehensive plan, input by stakeholders and interested parties like you is invaluable. As such, we are conducting an online survey. To help inform our priorities over the coming years, we invite you to complete it. It is estimated to take approximately 10 minutes to fill out. The survey is voluntary and you may complete it anonymously. You also have the option to provide your name and affiliation at the start, but it is not required.
We appreciate your participation in this survey. Your feedback is important to us.
Acknowledgements: The Dementia Justice Society of Canada thanks our volunteer Sarah Main for helping us prepare the strategic plan survey, and members of our Advisory Board who provided feedback on an earlier draft.
This article was originally published on The Conversation.
By Stephanie Wong, Research Officer, University of Sydney; Fiona Kumfo, Senior Research Fellow, University of Sydney; and Rosalind Hutchings, PhD Candidate, University of Sydney.
When most people hear about dementia, they picture older people with memory loss. But not all types of dementia start with memory loss.
In the same way cancer can be classified as melanoma, prostate cancer or bowel cancer, dementia can also be classified into many different types. The most common type is Alzheimer’s disease, which affects the parts of the brain responsible for memory.
In other types of dementia, the first symptoms may include changes in personality and behaviour. These types of symptoms are prominent in frontotemporal dementia.
Frontotemporal dementia is a common cause of dementia in people under the age of 65. New research from our clinic has helped us to understand the common symptoms.
Individuals with frontotemporal dementia have atrophy (or shrinkage) of the frontal lobes of the brain. The frontal lobes are important for controlling voluntary behaviour, emotions and complex thought.
One carer described how her husband would inappropriately approach young women, often interrupt conversations and make offensive remarks about other people’s appearances. This was completely out of character for him.
The symptoms are diverse and can differ from person to person.
Currently there is no diagnostic test for frontotemporal dementia. So, to diagnose frontotemporal dementia we rely on careful assessment of a person’s symptoms. Six key symptoms are recognised, and individuals must show a combination of these symptoms to be diagnosed.
Family members of patients with frontotemporal dementia often find these behavioural changes more distressing and difficult to deal with than memory loss. Because these changes seem so diverse and unrelated, current research and clinical practice tend to treat each symptom separately. And the available treatments are limited in their effectiveness.
In our recent review article, we identified a common thread that links these seemingly unrelated behavioural symptoms. It appears that disinhibition, apathy, reduced empathy, overeating and repetitive actions can all be traced back to shrinking of brain areas that control goal-directed behaviour.
Goal-directed behaviour allows us to modify our actions to achieve certain goals or desires. For example, if you feel thirsty you will go to the fridge and get a drink. If you want a job promotion you will work hard and make sure you don’t offend your co-workers. If you enjoy skiing you might go on a trip to the snow.
When the brain’s goal-directed behaviour system goes awry, an individual may have difficulty choosing whether to continue eating despite feeling full, respond to another person’s distress, approach strangers or engage in their hobbies.
As a result of losing goal-directed control, behaviour can become restricted and repetitive.
Where to from here?
Limited awareness of frontotemporal dementia and the diversity of its symptoms often lead to misdiagnosis or delays in diagnosis. Behavioural changes tend to be mistaken for symptoms of depression or psychiatric disorders.
Educating the general public and health professionals about the different types of dementia and the variety of symptoms is an important step in reducing the time it takes to reach a diagnosis.
In the absence of a cure, a major challenge is to develop appropriate and effective management strategies for those living with dementia. We hope this new research can help us find interventions for these often misunderstood symptoms.
If you know someone with frontotemporal dementia or would like to get involved in our research, you can find more information here or contact email@example.com.
This article was originally published on The Conversation. Disclosure information is available on the original site. To read the original article, please click here.
Recently, in May 2018, the Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect published a new study by Eilon Caspi, PhD, on the circumstances surrounding dementia and the deaths of 105 seniors involved in resident-to-resident incidents in long-term care homes in Canada and the United States.
Resident-to-resident incidents in dementia in long-term care homes resulting in deaths represent a growing concern among residents, family members, care providers, care advocacy organizations, and policy makers. Despite these concerns and experts’ predictions by which injurious and fatal incidents will increase in the coming years due to the projected growth in the number of people with dementia, no studies have been conducted in North America on these fatal incidents. This exploratory pilot study makes first steps towards bridging this major gap in research and practice. Using publicly available information (primarily newspaper articles and death review reports), practically useful patterns were identified pertaining to the circumstances surrounding the death of 105 elders as a result of these incidents. The findings could inform various efforts to prevent future deaths in similar circumstances, keep vulnerable and frail residents safe, and encourage researchers to examine risk and protective factors for these incidents.
Eilon Caspi (2018): The circumstances surrounding the death of 105 elders as a result of resident-to-resident incidents in dementia in long-term care homes, Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, DOI: 10.1080/08946566.2018.1474515.
Link to article: